A Generic Platform explored below shows the main components to support heterogeneous applications, for example in a Smart City design.
The value chain and different stakeholders:
Representation of the data flows and rela ers in the corporate open data services framework:
Source: Ignasi Vilajosana et.al., Bootstrapping Smart Cities through a Self-Sustainable Model Based on Big Data Flows, IEEE Communications Magazine, June 2013.
Smart cities services use components of both the ICT industry and mobile telecommunications industries. This article describes the architectural evolution required to ensure that the rollout and deployment of smart city technologies is smooth through acknowledging and integrating the strengths of both the system architectures proposed.
Here’s the pragmatic framework:
Links to context information sources via mobile access:
Some aspects of smart city design, and the technical impacts result from them:
Source: Catherine E. A. Mulligan & Magnus Olsson, Architectural Implications of Smart City Business Models: An Evolutionary Perspective, IEEE Communications Magazine, July 2013.
Smart cities encompass services in diverse business and technological domains. Presently, most of these services are delivered through domain-specific, tightly coupled systems, which entail limited scalability and extensibility. Such structure is supposed to be transformed into a horizontal architecture through service-delivery platform.
The platform is a new type of platform-as-a-service (PaaS) offering that integrates Internet of Things infrastructure and provides services for application providers to employ IoT and cloud resources on demand.
The service-delivery workflows are presented below. The work flows result in three service-delivery models: virtual verticals, third-party applications, and Internet of Things infrastructure as a service (IoT IaaS).
Source: Fei Li et al, Web-Scale Service Delivery for Smart Cities, IEEE Internet Computing, July/Aug 2013.